A spice is a seed, fruit, root, bark, or other plant substance primarily used for flavoring or coloring food. Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are the leaves, flowers, or stems of plants used for flavoring or as a garnish.
Spices are sometimes used in medicine, religious rituals, cosmetics or perfume production.
The main import of spices is in several items. These main items include turmeric, black pepper, cardamom, cinnamon and ginger.
The main exporters of spices to Iran, which have the highest volume compared to other countries, include India, Vietnam, Indonesia, Singapore and China.
Most turmeric and cardamom are imported from India, black pepper from Vietnam and cinnamon from China.